Coffee is grown in many different countries, with some countries having better conditions for coffee cultivation than others. The term coffee belt refers to the symbolic "belt around the world" where coffee plants can grow in suitable conditions due to the climate there. Nutrient-rich soils and ideal average temperatures ensure that coffee plants flourish and thrive here. The so-called coffee belt runs between latitude 25 degrees north and 25 degrees south along the equator. The area under coffee plantations covers a total of around ten million hectares and a large proportion of the coffee consumed worldwide is grown here. There are an estimated 15 billion coffee bushes and the average yield is around 550 kg of green coffee per hectare. The two most important coffee varieties for the world market are Coffea Arabica and Coffea Canephora.
ARABICA AND ROBUSTA BEANSThe Arabica and Robusta bean varieties have different requirements in terms of altitude, water requirements and soil conditions. Therefore, they grow in different regions and areas. Arabica coffee beans grow at higher altitudes, up to 2,100 meters above sea level. Coffee that comes from coffee plants that grow at altitudes of around 1,000 to 2,000 m is also known as "highland coffee". There are 7 to 9 months between the flowering and harvesting of the coffee cherries. Arabica coffee beans grow primarily in Central and South America as well as Central Africa and parts of Asia. Robusta coffee beans grow at lower altitudes, up to 900 m above sea level, and prefer a humidity of up to 100%. The coffee cherries require about 9 to 11 months between flowering and harvest. The growing areas are in Asia, Central Africa and occasionally in South America.
SINGLE ORIGINS AND GROWING COUNTRIESThe region from which the coffee beans originate is referred to as provenance. Depending on the country of origin, the climatic conditions of the growing region, and the processing, the coffee beans develop characteristic flavor aromas. These differences are particularly noticeable in single origin coffees. Among the tropical-equatorial coffee-growing countries of the coffee belt, Brazil, Vietnam, Colombia, Indonesia, Ethiopia, Honduras, India, Uganda, Mexico and Guatemala are among the top 10 largest (raw) coffee producers. Coffee cultivation takes place here on a correspondingly large scale.
The term coffee belt stands for the coffee-growing regions around the world. These regions have particularly suitable climatic conditions that favor the growth of a coffee plant.
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